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IV. Curvature Estimation

Another aspect of the sequence z0, z1, z2 zn that can be measured is the curvature between consecutive iterations. A quick estimate can be obtained by using only the last two orbit points. A more thorough measure can be obtained by averaging [5] over all iterations.


A variation on this method determines the radius of a circle passing through three consecutive orbit points. This factors in not only the angle between consecutive points, but the distance between them as well.



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